World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ludi Plebeii

Article Id: WHEBN0028429753
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ludi Plebeii  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ceres (mythology), Roman festivals, Feronia (mythology), Epulum Jovis, Ludi
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ludi Plebeii

The Plebeian Games (Latin Ludi Plebeii) were an ancient Roman religious festival held November 4–17.[1] The games (ludi) included both theatrical performances (ludi scaenici) and athletic competitions.

The Ludi Plebeii were presented by the plebeian aediles. According to one ancient source, they were held in the Circus Flaminius, which was associated with the common people of Rome (plebs).[2] Nearly all other games were held in the Circus Maximus. The Circus Flaminius was built by the plebeian censor Gaius Flaminius in 220 BC, and the annual games may have been instituted by him that year.[3] They are known to have been held each year from 220 onward,[4] but may have been much older.[5]

The Ludi Plebeii celebrated plebeian political liberty, but tradition varied as to freedom from what: either the tyranny of the Tarquins in the Regal period, or the dominance of the patricians, the hereditary ruling class of early Republican Rome (see "Conflict of the Orders").[6] The Plebeian Games may have been celebrated among the common people without an official place on the religious calendar until plebeians rose to positions of highest prominence; Cicero, at least, thought they were Rome's oldest ludi.[7] It may be most accurate to say the Ludi Plebeii were first established as a public festival in 220 BC.[8] Because the proceedings of the Plebeian Games strikingly resemble those of the Ludi Romani ("Roman Games"), T.P. Wiseman has suggested that they were created by the plebs as an assertion of their own identity, perhaps as early as the 5th or 4th century BC.[9]

During the festival, a feast of Jupiter (Epulum Iovis) was held November 13, a cavalry parade November 14, and circus games (ludi circenses, mainly chariot races) November 15–17. The siting of the games at the Circus Flaminius may thus be an error on the part of the single ancient source that reports it,[10] despite the neatness of the argument: the Circus Flaminius had no track for chariot racing.[11] A procession similar to that of the Ludi Romani is likely also to have been part of the festivities. Plautus first presented his comedy Stichus at the Plebeian Games of 200 BC.[12]

Livy notes that the ludi had to be repeated three times in 216 BC, owing to a vitium (ritual fault) that disrupted the correct performance of events.[13]

See also


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.