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Four Years Intifada, Closures and Palestinian Economic Crisis

By The World Bank

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Book Id: WPLBN0000102236
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.8 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Four Years Intifada, Closures and Palestinian Economic Crisis  
Author: The World Bank
Language: English
Subject: Economics, Finance & business, World Bank.
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: The World Bank


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Bank, T. W. (n.d.). Four Years Intifada, Closures and Palestinian Economic Crisis. Retrieved from


Four Years?Intifada, Closures and Palestinian Economic Crisis: An Assessment? has been prepared as a follow-up to a report published in May 2003 (?Twenty-Seven Months?Intifada, Closures and Palestinian Economic Crisis: An Assessment?) and a previous report published in March 2002 (?Fifteen Months?Intifada, Closures and Palestinian Economic Crisis). The main objective of this third Assessment is to paint a factual picture of economic and social developments in 2003 and to analyze how the three key parties (the Palestinians, Israelis and donor community) have responded. The goal is to help donors and the Palestinian Authority (PA) cope with the economic crisis in the West Bank and Gaza and to encourage and inform discussion on Palestinian economic issues among the donors, the PA and the Government of Israel (GoI). 2003 was a year of extraordinary volatility in the geo-political situation; the main political developments of the year are summarized in Table 1. During 2003, the trend continued by which the popular uprising (the intifada) with frequent mostly unarmed confrontations between Palestinians (typically young people) and the Israeli military was replaced by relatively less frequent armed incidents involving militant Palestinian factions. At the same time, opinion polls show continued widespread support in the Palestinian population for armed resistance. The World Bank has modified its assessment of macroeconomic trends during 2001-2002, following the PCBS?s release of its Economic Surveys and its revised labor market data for 2002. Notably, the World Bank has reduced its estimate of the decline in GDP per capita. In ?Twenty- Seven Months? we estimated the decline in GDP between 1999 and 2002 at 33 percent. The decline is now estimated at 28 percent. As a result of the revision of our macro estimates during these two years, we have also revised our poverty estimate (See Chapter 3). The report has been written by the World Bank, but benefited from significant inputs from the PA. Special thanks go to the ministries of Education, Health, Planning and Social Affairs, which have provided most of the information underlying the analysis; without their support, the report could not have been written. The report also draws on a number of ongoing or recently completed Bank reports, including the forthcoming Poverty Update, which the World Bank prepared in collaboration with the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics; the ongoing work on a Social Sector Strategy; a series of reports on the impact of the Separation Barrier; as well as the recent World Bank report on the Government of Israel?s Disengagement Plan.


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