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Public Health Publication : World Health Organization ; (Php) Public Health Publication, Volume 15: Epidemiology of Air Pollution

By P. J. Lawther, Dr.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000128976
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: Public Health Publication : World Health Organization ; (Php) Public Health Publication, Volume 15: Epidemiology of Air Pollution  
Author: P. J. Lawther, Dr.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Lawther, P. J. (n.d.). Public Health Publication : World Health Organization ; (Php) Public Health Publication, Volume 15. Retrieved from http://www.worldebookfair.com/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
PREFACE Although air pollution, in one form or another, affects many parts of the world, it is of special signijicance in Europe, where large populations are subjected to the health hazards and the economic losses with which this social evil is associated. Europe is also in a key position with regard to research on this subject, for many countries in this region are investigating the problem and some important advances have been made. In November 1957, the WHO Regional Ofice for Europe sponsored a conference in Milan on public health aspects of air pollution in Europe, theJirst meeting of its kind to be held in this continent. This conference was immediately followed by a meeting in Geneva of the WHO Expert Committee on Environmental Sanitation, which discussed a wide range of air pollution problems on a world basis. In 1959, the Regional Ofice for Europe began a detailed study of the problem in collaboration with organizations in all European countries having interests in air pollution research and control. It became clear that there was a widespread but rather uncoordinated interest in the epidemiology of air pollution and it was decided to arrange an international meeting for a discussion on the lines along which epidemiological and related research might usefully develop. The Symposium that was the outcome of this decision was held in Copenhagen on 13-16 December 1960, and was attended by participants from fourteen European countries, including the authors of the present report.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Page Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 The nature of air pollution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 The significance of coarse particles . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Acids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Other pollutants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 The measurement of air pollution . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Standardization of methods and terminology . . . . . . . 11 Measurement techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Sulfur dioxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Suspended matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 Medical studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 The difficulties of international comparisons . . . . . . . 14 Disease nomenclature : bronchitis surveys . . . . . . . . . 15 The effects of atmospheric pollution . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Epidemiological studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Dficulties of comparative studies . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Indices of mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Indices of morbidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Statistical methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 Some results of epidemiological studies . . . . . . . . 24 Immediate effects of high pollution . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Delayed effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Annex . List of participants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

 

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