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Temporal Co-registration for Tropomi Cloud Clearing : Volume 4, Issue 5 (07/10/2011)

By Genkova, I.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003984493
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 24
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Temporal Co-registration for Tropomi Cloud Clearing : Volume 4, Issue 5 (07/10/2011)  
Author: Genkova, I.
Volume: Vol. 4, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Measurement
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Roebeling, R., Robaidek, J., Sneep, M., Genkova, I., & Veefkind, P. (2011). Temporal Co-registration for Tropomi Cloud Clearing : Volume 4, Issue 5 (07/10/2011). Retrieved from

Description: KNMI – Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands. The TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) is planed for launch in 2014 on board of the Sentinel 5 Precursor (S5P) and is anticipated to provide high-quality and timely information on the global atmospheric composition for climate and air quality applications. TROPOMI will observe key atmospheric constituents such as ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, formaldehyde and aerosol properties. The retrieval algorithms for the anticipated products require cloud information on a pixel basis. Most of them will use the cloud properties derived from TROPOMI's own measurements, such as the O2 A-band measurements. However, the methane and the aerosol retrievals require very precise cloud clearing, which is difficult to achieve at the TROPOMI spatial resolution (7 × 7 km2) and without thermal IR measurements. The current payload of the Sentinel 5 Precursor (S-5P) does not include a cloud imager, thus it is planned to fly the S5P mission in a constellation with another instrument yielding an accurate cloud mask. The cloud imagery data will be provided by the US NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) mission which will have the Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on board (Scalione, 2004). VIIRS will have 22 bands in the VIS and IR spectral ranges, and will deliver data with two spatial resolutions: imagery resolution bands with a nominal pixel size of 370 m at nadir, and moderate resolution bands with nominal pixel size 740 m at nadir. The instrument is combining fine spatial resolution with high-accuracy calibration similar or superior to AVHRR.

This paper presents results from investigating the temporal co-registration requirements for suitable time differences between the VIIRS measurements of clouds and the TROPOMI methane and aerosol measurements, so that the former could be used for cloud clearing. The temporal co-registration is studied using Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) data with 15 min temporal resolution (Veefkind, 2008a), and with data from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-10 (GOES-10) having 1 min temporal resolution. The aim is to understand and assess the relation between the amount of allowed cloud contamination and the required time difference between the two satellites' overflights. Quantitative analysis shows that a time difference of approximately 5 min is sufficient (in most conditions) to use the cloud information from the first instrument for cloud clearing in the retrievals using data from the second instrument. In recent years the A-train constellation demonstrated the benefit of flying satellites in formation. Therefore this study's findings will be useful and applicable for designing future Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite constellations.

Temporal co-registration for TROPOMI cloud clearing

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